Banks will now tap intelligence agencies for their inputs at various stages of a loan cycle in the case of borrowers who have defaulted in the past.
The move, backed by the government, is aimed at equipping banks with timely information to prevent any fraud including fund diversion well in time.
In a series of meetings held over the last two months between banks, the finance ministry, and other investigating agencies, it was decided that lenders would receive intelligence input and also provide quarterly feedback on the inputs to the Central Economic Intelligence Bureau, or CEIB, said a senior bank executive, aware of the developments.
“We will soon work out the benchmark loan amounts for which the CEIB report will be sought and the guidelines for providing quarterly feedback,” the bank executive added.
The CEIB is responsible for gathering information and monitoring the economic and financial sectors for economic offences and warfare.
Under the existing framework in relation to large value frauds, the finance ministry has asked state-run lenders to seek a report from the CEIB on any prospective borrower at the pre-sanction stage, renewal of an existing loan, or non-performing asset (NPA) account for ₹50 crore and above.
Another banker, who did not wish to be named, said that this will help banks keep a more systemic and comprehensive check on their loan portfolio in a timely manner. This will help them identify problems with a loan well in time.
“CEIB is also looking to fast track the process for providing such information and digitising the whole process,” he said, adding that the format for seeking information has been standardised.
Earlier this week, finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that the government’s continuous efforts to reduce non-performing assets (NPAs) and strengthen the health of PSBs are now showing tangible results.
“All 12 PSBs declared net profits of ₹25,685 crore in Q2 FY23 and total ₹40,991 crore in H1 FY23, up by 50% and 31.6%, respectively (y-o-y),” she tweeted.
She said the country’s largest bank, the State Bank of India, reported a 74% jump in profit to ₹13,625 crore in the second quarter of this financial year.
Data with the RBI in the case of scheduled commercial banks shows fraud occurrence as a percentage of gross advances declined from a peak of 1.05% in FY14 to 0.02% in FY22.
The number of frauds reported by private sector banks was mainly on account of small-value card/internet frauds, while the fraud amount reported by public sector banks was mainly in loan portfolios, according to an RBI report.